How Long Can You Keep Your Teeth with Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common dental problem that affects millions of people worldwide. It’s a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the gums, the tissues surrounding the teeth, and the bones that support them. The disease is caused by bacterial plaque that accumulates on the teeth and gums, leading to inflammation, infection, and eventual tooth loss. But how long can you keep your teeth with periodontal disease? Let’s find out.

Understanding Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that starts with mild gum inflammation and can eventually lead to tooth loss. If left untreated, the bacteria can cause pockets to form between the teeth and gums, which can lead to bone loss, making the teeth loose and eventually fall out.

The Stages of Periodontal Disease

There are four stages of periodontal disease:

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease. It’s characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can be treated and reversed by maintaining good oral hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing regularly and visiting your dentist for routine cleanings.

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Stage 2: Early Periodontitis

Early periodontitis is the stage where the bone surrounding the teeth begins to deteriorate. This stage can still be treated, but it’s important to catch it early before it progresses to more severe stages.

Stage 3: Moderate Periodontitis

Moderate periodontitis is the stage where the bone loss around the teeth becomes more significant, leading to loosening of the teeth. Treatment at this stage may involve deep cleaning, scaling, and root planing.

Stage 4: Advanced Periodontitis

Advanced periodontitis is the most severe stage of periodontal disease. At this stage, there is significant bone loss, and the teeth may be beyond saving, requiring extraction.

The Importance of Early Intervention

The key to maintaining your teeth with periodontal disease is early intervention. When caught early, gum disease can be treated and even reversed. This is why regular dental checkups are essential to maintaining good oral health. Your dentist can detect signs of gum disease before it progresses to more severe stages.

Treatment Options

Treatment options for periodontal disease vary depending on the severity of the disease. In the early stages, the condition can be treated with a simple scaling and root planing procedure. In more advanced cases, surgical procedures may be required to remove the bacteria and repair the damage caused by the disease.

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Maintaining Good Oral Hygiene Habits

The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to maintain good oral hygiene habits. Brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily, and visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. If you smoke, quitting smoking can also help reduce your risk of developing gum disease.


In conclusion, the length of time you can keep your teeth with periodontal disease depends on the stage of the disease and how early it’s detected. With early intervention and proper treatment, it’s possible to prevent tooth loss and maintain good oral health. Remember to maintain good oral hygiene habits and visit your dentist regularly to catch gum disease early and prevent it from progressing to more severe stages.